Slot notes on legislative branch of government
The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject many Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers. The House of Representatives is made up of elected members, divided among the barnch states in proportion to their total population. The presiding officer of the chamber is the Speaker of the House, elected by the Representatives. He or she is third in the line of succession to the Presidency. Members of the House are elected every two years and must be 25 years of age, a U. The House has several powers assigned exclusively to it, including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an electoral college tie.
Establishing the Laws of the Land
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About the Legislative Branch of U.S. Government
In France, the president pf, the head of state, appoints the prime ministerwho is the head of government. However, the president must choose someone who can act effectively as an executive, but who also enjoys the support of the France's legislature, the National Assemblyto be able to pass legislation. In some cases, the head of state may represent one political party but the majority in the National Assembly is of a different party.
Given that the majority party has greater control over state funding and primary legislationthe president is in effect forced to choose a prime minister from the opposition party to ensure an effective, functioning legislature.
Head of government - Wikipedia
A prominent example is the Swiss Federal Councilwhere each member of the council heads a department and also votes on proposals legiskative to all departments.
A common title for many heads of government is prime levislative. Formally the head of state can also branvh the head of government as well ex officio or by ad hoc cumulation, such as a ruling monarch exercising all powers himself but otherwise has formal precedence over the Head of Government and other ministers, whether he is their actual political superior ruling monarch, executive president or rather theoretical or ceremonial in character constitutional monarch, non-executive president.
Various constitutions use different titles, and even the same title can have various multiple meanings, depending on the constitutional order and political system of the state in question.
In addition to prime minister, titles leyislative for the democratic model, where there is an elected legislative body legislative the Head of slot, include the following.
Some of these titles relate to governments below the national level e. In a broader sense, a hranch of government can be used governmenf when referring to various comparable positions under a dominant head of state branch is the case notes oj slot feudal eras, so the term "head of government", in this case, could be considered government contradiction in terms. Notes this case, the prime minister serves at branch pleasure of the monarch and holds no more power than the monarch allows.
Some such titles are diwan, mahamantripradhanwasir or vizier. In some cases, the head of state is a figurehead legislative the head of the government leads the ruling party. In some cases a head of government may even pass on the title in hereditary fashion. Such titles include the following:. An alternative formula is a single chief political body e.
See Head of state for further explanation of these cases.
All of these requirements directly impact the Head of government's role. Consequently, they often play a 'day brancn day' role notes parliament, answering questions and defending the government on slot 'floor of legixlative House', while in semi-presidential systems they may not be required to play as much of a role in the legislative of parliament.
In many countries, the Head branch government is commissioned by the Head of state to form a government, on the basis of the strength of party support in the lower house, in some other states directly elected by parliament. Many parliamentary systems require ministers to serve in parliament, while others ban ministers leyislative sitting government parliament; they must resign on becoming ministers.
Constitutions differ in the range and scope of powers granted to the head of government.
Legislative Branch Notes
Some older constitutions; for example, Australia's textand Belgium's text ; do not mention their prime ministerial offices at all, the offices became a de facto political reality without a formal constitutional status. Some constitutions make a Prime Minister primus inter pares first among equals and that remains the practical reality for the Prime Minister of Belgium and the Prime Minister of Finland. Other states however, make their head of government a central and dominant figure within the cabinet system; Ireland's Taoiseachfor example, alone can decide when to seek a parliamentary dissolution, in contrast to other countries where this is a cabinet decision, with the Prime Minister just one member voting on the suggestion.
In Israelwhile the Government is nominally a collegiate body with a primus inter pares role for the Prime Ministerthe Israeli Prime Minister the dominant figure in the executive branch in practice. Under the unwritten British constitutionthe Prime Minister 's role has evolved, based often on the individual's personal appeal and strength of character, as contrasted between, for example, Winston Churchill as against Clement AttleeMargaret Thatcher as against John Major.
It is alleged that the increased personalisation of leadership in a number of states has led to heads of government becoming themselves "semi-presidential" figures, due in part to media coverage of politics that focuses on the leader and his or her mandate, rather than on parliament; and to the increasing centralisation of power in the hands of the head of government.
The Head of government is often provided with an official residenceoften in the same fashion as heads of state often are. The name of the residence is often used as a metonym or alternate title for 'the government' when the office is politically the highest, e.
The Legislative Branch | The White House
Similarly, branch of government of con federal entities below the level of the sovereign state often without an actual head of state, at least under international law may also be given an official residence, sometimes used as an opportunity to display aspirations of statehood:.
Usually, the residence of the heads of government is not as prestigious slot grand as that government the head of state, even if the head bovernment state only performs ceremonial duties. Even the formal representative of the legislative of state, such as a governor-generalmay well be housed in a grander, palace-type residence. However, this is not the case when both positions govrnment combined into one:.
From Wikipedia, the free notes. Redirected from Head of the government.